外贸英语之图表英语

1.各种图表的名称(Types of chart)

饼状图(Pie chart): 饼状图内部分成一块一块,用于表示所占分量,那一块一块就叫”segment”.

线形图(Line graph): 横轴叫axis,枢轴叫vertical,实线是solid line,虚线是broken line

柱状图(Bar chart): 每一个矩形就叫一个bar

表(Table): 表的“行”是”row”,“列”是”column”

流程图(Flow chart)

组织结构图(organigram)

 

2.描述变化时(Describing Change) 

(1)向上的趋势(Upward movement):

To increase/rise/go up

To grow/expand

To rocket/boom/soar

e.g. We increased sales.

We expanded our workforce.

We raised our prices.(注意:raise是及物动词)

(2)向下的趋势(Downward movement)

To decrease/fall/drop/decline/go down

To slump/collapse/plummet/crash

注意:decrease和drop是及物动词

(3)不再变动(an end to movement)

To flatten out/ level off

(4)无变化(No change)

To remain constant/stable

To stay the same/ at the same level

To maintain/hold/keep

e.g. We need to hold our costs down.

我们需要保持低成本

 

3.变化的程度(Degree of change)

Dramatically/considerably/significantly/moderately/slightly

e.g. Sales have fallen considerably. 销售大幅度下降

Profits rose slightly. 利润缓慢上升

 

4.变化速度(Speed of change)

Rapidly/quickly/suddenly/gradually/steadily/slowly

e.g. Sales went up rapidly. 销售迅速增长